International Commission on Irrigation & Drainage Commission Interationale des Irrigation et du Drainage

Working Group on Water Food Energy Nexus (WG-WFE-N)

Water, energy and food are essential for human well-being and sustainable development. Global projections indicate that demand for freshwater, energy and food will increase significantly over the next decades under the pressure of population growth and mobility, economic development, international trade, urbanization, diversifying diets, cultural and technological changes, as well as climate change and other natural processes. The link between water, energy and food is inextricable in that water is an input for producing all kinds of agricultural crops and along the entire agro-food industry and supply chain. Energy in turn is required to produce and distribute water and food through processes such as pumping ground or surface water, powering tractors and irrigation machinery, and to process and transport agricultural goods. In more explicit terms, using water for irrigation might promote food production but it can also affect river flows and hydropower potential; growing crops under irrigation for bioenergy production can increase overall water exploitations and threaten food security; upgrading surface irrigation systems into more efficient pressurized techniques may conserve water but may also lead to higher energy consumption. Understanding and recognizing the diverse synergies and trade-offs involved between the three components is, thus, critical to ensure balance between water, energy and food security.

To this end, the global community is well aware of food-energy-water challenges, but has often addressed them in isolation, within sectoral margins. At the country level, fragmented sectoral responsibilities, lack of coordination, and inconsistencies between legal and regulatory frameworks has led to misaligned benefits and stress to the natural resources.

With a particular relevance to the Irrigation and Drainage sector, there lies the key question of food security in many developing countries. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) predicts that by 2050, population growth will result in doubled demand for food globally. The resulting present and anticipated challenges entail that innovative approaches have to be adopted to increase food production in order to meet the growing demand. Irrigation development is thought to be a preeminent strategy to answer food security challenges which now claims close to 70 percent of all freshwater withdrawals made for human use. In this perspective, many developing countries are vesting ambitious plans to expand irrigated agriculture. Strategies mainly highlight a shift from public to private investment and from larger to smallerscale systems in irrigation by promoting the idea of affordable and effective irrigation to poor farmers worldwide. The resulting rewards of higher outputs, incomes and better diets are, however, at the expense of higher water and energy consumption. 

In addition to the below membership, representatives from CIGR, FAO ICRISAT and Italy are Permanent Observers.In addition to the below membership, representatives from CIGR, FAO ICRISAT and Italy are Permanent Observers.

Notification  Scoping Document


Organizing an International Workshop on “The Water-Energy-Food-Nexus: implementation and examples of applications”, 09:30-13:00 hours (TBC), 02 November 2023  from 09:30:13:30 hours as part of the 25th International Congress on Irrigation and Drainage and the 74th International Executive Council meeting, 01-08 November 2023 in Vishakhapatnam (Vizag), Andhra Pradesh, India.

The Call for papers for the above workshops is available for DOWNLOAD. We request the National Committee/ Committee to kindly circulate the announcement to the interested professionals/experts for submitting their abstracts/papers for the above workshops. Also, request all the professionals to submit their abstract(s) for the workshop with a copy to ICID Central Office (

CALL FOR PAPERS: International Workshop on “The Water-Energy-Food-Nexus: implementation and examples of applications”, Vizag, India, November 2023



(a) To exchange information, knowledge, and experience, as well as networking on the Water-Food-Energy Nexus topic in order to be up to date with new developments, methods and approaches. This can be the basis for a possible position paper on key issues on the nexus. (b) To prepare an overview document on the state of the art on improving water use efficiency and productivity within the nexus. (c) to produce a document of impact of climate change and possible use of non-conventional less water consuming crops (d) To prepare an overview document on the state of the art on model applications as useful management tools for water, crops, field and energy management within the nexus (e) To prepare and present reports on case studies on recent developments in the countries that are represented in the WG; and from presented cases of the workshops (f) To organize international workshops, seminars or symposia on the Nexus topic. (g) To implement ICID 2030 vision.

Established : 2020
Sl. No. Name Email Country Position
1 Prof. Dr. Ragab Ragab ra************* United Kingdom Chair
2 Dr. K. Yella Reddy, FIE ky************* India Vice Chair
3 Dr. Mahdi Sarai Tabrizi m.************* Iran Secretary
4 Dr. Chung Feng Ding cf************* Chinese Taipei Committee Member
5 Eng. Karshiyev Rustum Jurayevih r.************* Uzbekistan Member
6 Dr. Lu Hui lu************* China Member
7 Dr. Marco Arcieri m.************* Italy Member
8 Prof. NAM Won Ho wo************* South Korea Member
9 Dr. Narges Zohrabi na************* Iran Member
10 Dr. Noppadon Kowsuvon Pr************* Thailand Member
11 Mr. Watchara Suiadee wa************* Thailand Member
12 Mr. Yukiya Saika y.************* Japan Member
13 Mr. Herbert H. Van Lier me************* Italy Observer
14 Dr. Piyatida Ruangrassamee Pi************* Thailand Observer
15 Mr. Syaiful Mahdi sy************* Indonesia Observer
16 Mr. Abbas Fadhel ab************* Iraq Provisional Member
17 Ir. Adang Saf Ahmad ad************* Indonesia Provisional Member
18 Dr. Amani Alfarra am************* Canada Provisional Member
19 Mr. Basim Tuama Naser ba************* Iraq Provisional Member
20 Mr. Books LIU Dongzhe bo************* China Provisional Member
21 Mr. Carl Walters ca************* Australia Provisional Member
22 Mr. Chaisri Suksaroj fe************* Thailand Provisional Member
23 Prof. Cheh-Shy Ting cs************* Chinese Taipei Committee Provisional Member
24 Dr. Deepak Khare - Direct Member kh************* India Provisional Member
25 Prof. Dr. Vishnu Prasad Pandey vi************* Nepal Provisional Member
26 Dr. Junzeng Xu xj************* China Provisional Member
27 Mr. Liangsheng Shi (YP) li************* China Provisional Member
28 Dr. Man Singh ma************* India Provisional Member
29 Dr. P. Soman dr************* India Provisional Member
30 Dr. Peng-Jui Wang ar************* Chinese Taipei Committee Provisional Member
31 Prof. Dr. S. Vishnuvardhan vi************* India Provisional Member
32 Prof. Dr. Zeinab Hussien Behairy z_************* Egypt Provisional Member
33 Prof. Daniele de Wrachien Da************* Italy Permanent Observer






Articles related to the Water–Energy–Food Nexus from South Africa (Vice President Prof. Dr. Sylvester Mpandeli)


Presentations of International Workshop of “The Water-Energy-Food-Nexus: Implementation and Examples of Application”, 04 October 2022, Adelaide, Australia

1. Development of Water-Energy-Food Nexus Model for Basin-Scale Studies by Krishna Mondal Raja Babu Tantuway Chandranath Chatterjee and Rajendra Singh

2. Impact of Two Schemes on Water, Energy and Food Nexus: Examples from India by Avinash Mishra and Arunlal K.

3.  Policy Implementation to Improve Water-Energy-Food Security in Indonesia by Anissa Mayangsari Duki Malindo

4. Inter Basin Water Transfer for Sustainable Agricultural Production Systemsa Case Study of Pattiseema Lift Irrigation Project of Andhra Pradesh, India by Vennela, G, Reddy, Ky., Vishnuvardhan, S., and Khalko, D

5.  Spatial-Scale Water-Energy-Food Nexus Analysis in India – Insight from Implemented Policies by Mishra Krishna Mondal, Chandranath Chatterjee, Ashok, and Rajendra Singh

6.  Catchment Based Water-Energy-Food Nexus Assessment: Example of the Crocodile River Catchment, Mpumalanga, South Africa by Sue Walker, Inga Jacobs-Mata, Nwabisa Masekwana, Bhekiwe Fakudze, and Tendai Sawunyama

7.  Dual Use of Irrigation Water for Food Production and Hydropower Generation in Japan by Yukiya SAIKA

8.  Solar – powered micro-irrigation demonsrations for food security, youth and Women empowerment in Malawi and Zambia by Isaac R. Fandika, Cheelo H. Mudenda, Horace Kakhiwa, Herbert Kumwenda, Collin Zalengera, Grivin Chipula, Geoffrey Mwepa

9.  Application of Water-Energy-Food Nexus Framework Tools at different scales preliminary assessment by nwabisa masekwana, sue walker and Michael van der Laan






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